We can literally understand how direct instruction is an approach to teaching. Direct instruction is a learning approach that focuses on basic learning skills, the teacher makes all the decisions to ensure that students continue on-task, and emphasizes a positive and reinforcing learning environment. (Adams & Carnine, 2003) This type of instruction emphasizes the teacher’s guidance and allows students to learn efficiently and in a highly focused state. However, this approach is not conducive to independent thinking and lacks the exercise of creativity.

Here is the teaching strategy of direct instruction:

介绍/复习 为学习搭建舞台 发展 通过提供清晰的解释和示例来模拟预期结果 指导练习 监控并让学生参与分配的学习任务 结束 通过强调所涵盖的内容来结束课程 独立练习 提供独立于其他人的学习任务教师协助 评估 评估学生进步
Image from: lumencandela

Our Interactive Learning Resource is – How to succeed in University, which focuses more on individual learning methods. Our research emphasizes how to identify learning habits that are suitable for you and improve your achievement, and is a process of self-development and enhancement. Direct instruction may be a positive approach to the learning process and will provide academic progress, while the teacher will provide professional advice and teaching. However, self-assessment requires more of the student’s self-determination. From the tables developed, we compare the data between semesters or exam results; we review the strengths or weaknesses of the progress over time; we summarize our experiences and have clear goals for the next phase. In this process, we will be able to determine exactly what we need to accomplish and what we need to achieve. Therefore, our Interactive Learning Resource emphasizes self-centered learning techniques rather than teacher-led learning.

Adams, G., & Carnine, D. (2003). Direct instruction. Handbook of learning disabilities, 403-416. Retrieved from: http://homepages.gac.edu/~dmoos/documents/Behavioral.pdf